elders: The "elders" of the
were the "pastors" (Ephesians 4:11),
"bishops or overseers" (Acts 20:28),
"leaders" and "rulers" (Hebrews 13:7;
5:12) of the flock.
Everywhere in the New Testament bishop
and presbyter are titles given to one and the same officer of the Christian
church. He who is called presbyter or elder on account of his age or gravity
is also called bishop or overseer with reference to the duty that lay upon
him -Titus 1:5-7;
See 'church authority'.
"Elijah is suddenly introduced to
our notice in 1Kings 17:1 as delivering
a message from the Lord to Ahab. Having delivered his message to Ahab,
he retired at the command of God to a hiding place by the brook Cherith,
beyond Jordan, where he was fed by ravens. When the brook dried up God
sent him to the widow of Zarephath, a city of Zidon, from whose scanty
store he was supported for the space of two years. During this period the
widow's son died and was restored to life by Elijah -1Kings
17:2-24. During all these two years a famine prevailed in the land.
Elijah met Obadiah, one of Ahab's
officers, whom Ahab had sent out to seek for pasturage for the cattle and
bade him go and tell his master that Elijah was there. The king came and
met Elijah and reproached him as the troubler of Israel. It was then proposed
that sacrifices should be publicly offered, for the purpose of determining
whether Baal or Jehovah were the true God. This was done on Carmel, with
the result that the people fell on their faces, crying, "The Lord, he is
the God." Thus was accomplished the great work of Elijah's ministry. The
prophets of Baal were then
put to death by the order of Elijah. Not one of them escaped. Then immediately
followed rain, according to the word of Elijah, and in answer to his prayer
Ahab's wife, enraged at the fate that had befallen her priests of Baal,
threatened to put Elijah to death 1Kings
19:1-13. He therefore fled in alarm to Beersheba and thence went alone
a day's journey into the wilderness, sitting down in despondency under
a juniper tree. As he slept an angel touched him and said unto him, "Arise
and eat; because the journey is too great for thee."
He arose and found a cake and a cruse
(small container) of water. Having partaken of the provision thus miraculously
supplied, he went forward on his solitary way for forty days and forty
nights to Horeb, the mount of God, where he took up his abode in a cave.
Here the Lord appeared unto him and said, "What dost thou here, Elijah?"
In answer to his despondent words God manifests to him his glory and then
directs him to return to Damascus and anoint Hazael king over Syria and
Jehu king over Israel and Elisha to be prophet in his room -1Kings
19:14-21; 2Kings 8:7-15; 9:1-10.
With one of the
free Bible computer programs, type in Elijah, and read about his remarkable
"Elisha was an attendant and disciple
of Elijah -1Kings 19:16-19.
His name first occurs in the command given to Elijah to anoint him as his
successor -verse 16.
This was the only one of the three
commands then given to Elijah which he accomplished. On his way from Sinai
to Damascus he found Elisha at his native place engaged in the labours
of the field, ploughing with twelve yoke of oxen.
He went over to him, threw over his
shoulders his rough mantle (a large over-garment)
and at once adopted him as a son and invested him with the prophetical
Elisha accepted the call thus given
(about four years before the death of Ahab) and for
some seven or eight years became the close attendant on Elijah till he
was parted from him and taken up into heaven (the
air; off the ground and away
from view) -2Kings 2:1. During
all these years we hear nothing of Elisha except in connection with the
closing scenes of Elijah's life. After Elijah, Elisha was accepted as the
leader of the sons of the prophets and became noted in Israel.
according to his own request, "a
double portion" of Elijah's spirit (2Kings
2:9) and for the long period of about sixty years (B.C. 892-832) held
the office of "prophet in Israel" -2Kings
After Elijah's departure, Elisha returned
to Jericho and there healed the spring of water by casting salt into it
We next find him at Bethel (2Kings 2:23),
where, with the sternness of his master, he cursed the youths who came
out and scoffed at him as a prophet of God who was bald:-"Go
up, thou bald head."
The judgment at once took effect and
God terribly visited (2Kings 2:24)
the dishonour done to his prophet as dishonour done to Himself. Similarly
it happened to
We next read of his predicting a fall
of rain when the army of Jehoram was faint from thirst (2Kings
3:9-20); of the multiplying of the poor widow's cruse of oil (2Kings
4:1-7); the miracle of restoring to life the son of the woman of Shunem
(2Kings 4:18-37); the multiplication
of the twenty loaves of new barley into a sufficient supply for an hundred
men (2Kings 4:42-44); of the cure of
Naaman the Syrian of his leprosy (2Kings
5:1-27); of the punishment of Gehazi for his falsehood and his covetousness;
of the recovery of the axe lost in the waters of the Jordan where iron
floats (2Kings 6:1-7); of the miracle
at Dothan, half-way on the road between Samaria and Jezreel; of the siege
of Samaria by the king of Syria, and of the terrible sufferings of the
people in connection with it and Elisha's prophecy as to the relief that
would come -2Kings 6:24-to
We then find Elisha at Damascus, to
carry out the command given to his master to anoint Hazael king over Syria
(2Kings 8:7-15); thereafter he
directs one of the sons of the prophets to anoint Jehu, the son of Jehoshaphat,
king of Israel, instead of Ahab. Thus the three commands given to Elijah
(2Kings 9:1-10) were at length carried
We do not again read of him till we
find him on his deathbed in his own house -2Kings 13:14-19. Joash, the
grandson of Jehu, comes to mourn over his approaching departure, and utters
the same words as those of Elisha when Elijah was taken away: "My father,
my father! The chariot of Israel and the horsemen thereof."
Afterwards when a dead body is laid
in Elisha's grave a year after his burial, no sooner does it touch the
hallowed remains than the man "revived and stood up on his feet" -2Kings
With one of the
free Bible computer programs, type in Elisha, and read about his remarkable
life. A story about his remarkable confidence in God -2Kings
6:8-23, and a story about iron floating.
Enoch: was the seventh from
Adam. He was the son of Jared, and father
of Methuselah. After the birth of
Methuselah, his son, Enoch "walked with
God three hundred years", when he was translated without tasting death.
When he was translated,
only Adam, so
far as recorded, had as yet died a natural death, and Noah was not yet
ephod: something girt, a sacred
vestment worn originally by the high priest (Exodus
28:4), afterwards by the ordinary priest (1Samuel
22:18) and characteristic of his office -1Samuel
2:18,28; 14:3. It was worn
by Samuel and also by David -2Samuel
6:14. It was made of fine linen and consisted of two pieces, which
hung from the neck and covered both the back and front, above the tunic
and outer garment -Exodus 28:31.
That of the high priest was embroidered with divers colours. The two pieces
were joined together over the shoulders (hence in Latin called superhumerale)
by clasps or buckles of gold or precious stones and fastened round the
waist by a "curious girdle of gold, blue, purple, and fine twined linen"
The breastplate, with the Urim
and Thummim, was attached to the ephod.