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-Baal or Baal-peor;-plural-'Baalim': From Matthew Henry's Commentary: The name appropriated to the principal male god of the Phoenicians. It is found in several places in the plural 'Baalim' -Judges 2:11; 10:10; 1Kings 18:18; Jeremiah 2:23; Hosea 2:17. 
    Baal is identified with Molech -Jeremiah 19:5. It was known to the Israelites as Baal-peor (Numbers 25:3; Deuteronomy 4:3), was worshipped till the time of Samuel (1Samuel 7:4) and was afterwards the religion of the ten tribes in the time of Ahab -1Kings 16:31-33; 18:19,22. It prevailed also for a time in the kingdom of Judah -2Kings 8:27 comparing 11:18; 16:2,3; 2Chronicles 28:2), till finally put an end to by the severe discipline of the Captivity--Zephaniah 1:4-6.
    The priests of Baal were in great numbers (1Kings 18:19 again), and of various classes -2Kings 10:19. Their mode of offering sacrifices is described in 1Kings 18:25-29. The sun-god, under the general title of Baal, or "lord," was the chief object of worship of the Canaanites. Each locality had its special Baal and the various local Baals were summed up under the name of Baalim, or "lords." Each Baal had a wife, who was a colorless reflection of himself.

-Babylon: The Greek form of 'Babel' (means 'confusion'); Semitic form 'Babilu', meaning "The Gate of God." In the Assyrian tablets it means "The city of the dispersion of the tribes." The monumental list of its kings reaches back to B.C. 2300. 
    Under Nebuchadnezzar Babylon became one of the most splendid cities of the ancient world. After passing through various vicissitudes the city was occupied by Cyrus, "king of Elam," B.C.E. 538, who issued a decree permitting the Jews to return to their own land -Ezra 1st chapter. It then ceased to be the capital of an empire. It was again and again visited by hostile armies, till its inhabitants were all driven from their homes and the city became a complete desolation, its very site being forgotten from among men. 
   On the west bank of the Euphrates, about 50 miles south of Baghdad, there is found a series of artificial mounds of vast extent. These are the ruins of this once famous proud city. The utter desolation of the city once called "The glory of kingdoms" (Isaiah 13:19) was foretold by the prophets -Isaiah 13:4-22; Jeremiah. 25:12; 50:2,3; Daniel 2:31-38. This city and its whole empire were taken by the Persians under Cyrus. The Persians were subdued by the Macedonians and the Macedonians by the Romans, so that Rome succeeded to the power of old Babylon. More under 'Kingdom of Babylon' in Easton's Bible Dictionary.
    Prophecies against Babylon: Jeremiah 50:13 "Because of the wrath of the LORD it shall not be inhabited, but it shall be wholly desolate: every one that goeth by Babylon shall be astonished, and hiss at all her plagues." Jeremiah 51:26,42,44,58 "And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD...The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof...And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall...Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary." Isaiah 13:20,21 "It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation; neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there. But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there."

-be: Original Greek and Hebrew same as 'am'.

-beast: This word is used figuratively of an infuriated multitude (1Corinthians 15:32; Acts 19:29. Also -Psalms 22:12,16; Ecclesiastes. 3:18. And of wicked men -2Peter 2:12; Revelation 15:2. The four beasts of Daniel 7:3,17,23 (the fourth beast) represent four kingdoms of men or kings. 
    Contrast the mark of the high calling of God-(which becomes a seal)-with the mark of the beast-(selfish control of others by brute force)--Revelation 13:15-17. But who is in control of it all?
    The original word for "mark" is the same Greek word from which the English word "character" is derived. The mark of the beast is the bestial nature of man. The same original is translated "express image" in Hebrews 1:3.

-been: Original Greek has various words (see Strong's Concordance). Original Hebrew same as 'am'.

-Belial: Word means 'worthlessness'. Frequently used in the Old Testament as a proper name. In the New Testament it is found only in 2Corinthians 6:15, where it is used as a name of Satan, the personification of all that is evil. The expression "son" or "man of Belial" means simply a worthless, lawless person (Judges 19:22; 20:13; 1Samuel 1:16; 2:12)

-by: a primary preposition denoting a fixed position in place, time or state, and by implication instrumentality (medially {relating to the middle} or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between {into, to, unto, for, in, on, toward, against}) and a primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence action or motion proceeds), of, from, out {of place, time, or cause}; literal or figurative), on, with
 

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