strokes of affliction: Easton's
Bible Dictionary describes: "A "stroke" of affliction,
or disease. Sent as a divine chastisement (Numbers
11:33; 14:37; 16:46-49;
24:21). Painful afflictions or diseases, (Leviticus
or severe calamity (Mark 5:29; Luke
7:21), or the judgment of God, so called (Exodus
9:14). Plagues of Egypt were ten in
(1.) The river Nile
was turned into blood, and the fish died, and the river stank, so that
the Egyptians loathed to drink of the river -Exodus
(2.) The plague of
frogs -Exodus 8:1-15.
(3.) The plague of
lice (Hebrew is 'kinnim', properly, gnats or mosquitoes; compare (Psalms
78:45; 105:31), "out of the
dust of the land" -Exodus 8:16-19.
(4.) The plague of
flies -Exodus 8:21-24.
(5.) The murrain (Exodus
9:1-7), or epidemic pestilence which carried off vast numbers of cattle
in the field. Warning was given of its coming. See 'God
(6.) The sixth plague,
of "boils and blains," like the third,
was sent without warning -Exodus 9:8-12.
It is called (Deuteronomy 28:27)
"the botch of Egypt," Authorized Version;
but in Revised Version, "the boil of Egypt." "The magicians could not
stand before Moses" because of it.
(7.) The plague of
hail, with fire and thunder -Exodus 9:13-33.
Warning was given of its coming. (compare Psalms
(8.) The plague of
locusts, which covered the whole face of the earth, so that the land was
darkened with them -Exodus 10:12-15.
The Hebrew name of this insect, 'arbeh', points to the 'multitudinous'
character of this visitation. Warning was given before this plague came.
(9.) After a short
interval the plague of darkness succeeded that of the locusts; and it came
without any special warning -Exodus
10:21-29. The darkness covered "all the land of Egypt" to such an extent
that "they saw not one another." It did not, however, extend to the land
(10.) The last and
most fearful of these plagues was the death of the firstborn of man and
of beast -Exodus 11:4,5; 12:29,30.
The exact time of the visitation was announced, "about midnight", which
would add to the horror of the infliction. Its extent also is specified,
from the first-born of the king to the first-born of the humblest slave,
and all the first-born of beasts. But from this plague the Hebrews were
completely exempted. The Lord "put a difference" between them and the Egyptians.
(See 'Passover' in Easton's Bible Dictionary)
19:11: It was all part
of the plan of God that the Jews
should first purpose his death and the Gentiles
carry that purpose into effect -1Corinthians