G l o b a l  W a r m i n g ,  P a g e  5
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Current computer CO2 models are fundamentally flawed for a number of reasons, such as: 1) They ignore changes in water vapour which has a much higher greenhouse importance than CO2. Its average absolute greenhouse heating effect is at least twice as large as that of CO2 and, furthermore, it shows huge variations, much of which depends on solar activity (solar particles, UV radiation, etc.). 2) They ignore the temperature dependence of the dynamic interaction of CO2 with sea water which covers 70 per cent of the world! This temperature dependence of CO2 absorptivity makes CO2 a secondary greenhouse gas. 3) They ignore all important interactions of sea life, algae, etc., with atmospheric CO2. 4) They ignore the crucial role of the quasi biennial oscillation of stratospheric winds (SQBO) in weather systems (El Niño), which displays complex relationships with solar activity. 5) They ignore variations in stratospheric ozone, which are strongly influenced by solar activity, both particle and UV. 6) They ignore cosmic ray enhancement of efficiency of cloud nucleation, which is strongly influenced by solar (magnetic) activity. Full text of Piers Corbyn's paper presented during the Climate Changes Symposium, Bonn, Germany, November 10-11, 1997, can be found at www.weatheraction.com/scipubs/altgreen.htm

-Fred's other article July, 1997, 'Failed Predictions', also in The World And I, covers such things as: "Global warming is not a major environmental problem. Is this statement a myth? Certainly not. Although some reputable scientists disagree, our best estimate is that global average temperatures might increase by no more than half a degree over the next hundred years as a result of greenhouse warming.
    There is no evidence that global warming is real. A myth? No. Plenty of natural fluctuations in the climate record but no evidence yet of any warming trend. Still, it is a matter that we should be concerned about. The atmosphere has actually cooled since 1979, according to accurate satellite based measurements. A myth? Not at all; the statement is absolutely correct. Just check the scientific publications.
    The less than one half degree of temperature rise –all that global warming enthusiasts can find– is probably part of the slow recovery from the 'Little Ice Age'. A myth? Hardly. This is considered the most likely interpretation of why the temperature increased between 1900 and 1940, well before industrial activity and population grew.
    Even if global warming does occur, any necessary adjustments would be small compared to the adjustments we make to temperature differences over the course of a year. A myth? No. Just compare a half degree increase to a summer/winter difference of as much as fifty degrees Celsius (in Minnesota).
     If global warming is occurring, there's probably not much we can do about it anyway. Even without the benefit of modern technology, humanity has adjusted to much larger changes in the past millennia than we anticipate to happen in the next centuries.
    Just a few decades ago, climatologists were concerned about global cooling..."

-The famous Athabasca Glacier has retreated much slower the last 20 years, which is out of sync with global warming. Satellite observations backed up by weather balloons show no warming trend during the past 20 years. The dire global warming predictions come from computer models which predicts 50 years from now. However, various models don't match, a key tenet of science. Calgary Herald, January 10, 2000, page 11.

-From Neville Nicholls' article, Keys to Global Climate: How do the oceans and the atmosphere govern our climate, now and in the future?, The World And I Magazine, December, 1999. (entire article is available online).
    Many disasters occurred as a result of drastic weather changes. Neville Nicholls has thoroughly studied these: "El Niño is a climate perturbation caused by interaction between the tropical ocean and atmosphere. The wide spread of disasters, all occurring in the same short period and all recurring (in a similar pattern) before and since (the most recent major episode in 198283) illustrate the importance of interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere on human affairs. So what causes these El Niño events? To answer this we need first to consider what regulates Earth's climate.
    "What drives the world's climates?
    "The driving force of the climate is energy received from the Sun. More energy is received in equatorial regions than at the poles. The oceans and atmosphere work to redistribute the energy imbalance. If it were not for the transport of heat from the equator to the poles, most of Earth's surface would be uninhabitable, because it would be either too hot or too cold. 
    "On a non rotating Earth, warm, tropical air would rise, travel toward the poles at a high altitude, descend as it cools, and then return toward the equator as a surface wind. This simple arrangement would transport the excess energy from the tropics to higher latitudes, reducing the imbalance of energy received from the Sun. 
    "Earth's rotation complicates this picture, causing the air moving away from the equator to turn eastward (this is why weather systems generally move from west to east). The cool air returning from the high latitudes develops a westward motion, leading to the trade winds.-...continues


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