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-Chinese edition Scientific American, May, 1999, "Chang Chan University of Technology professor of geological sciences Yang Xuexiang, says the ozone holes are caused not by chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) such as freon, but by solar winds (a current of high energy particles of bosons). These solar winds consume energy at the Poles. He states that if it were due to chlorofluorocarbons, then the North Pole would have the ozone hole as that is where the concentration of CFCs are. Instead, the hole is over the South Pole." Source – Agence France Presse Xinhua News Agency, http://www.insidechina.com, June 21, 1999.

-JPL's Mark Drinkwater says Antarctica's melting is not due to global warming, but natural occurrences. 
-Piers Corbyn's A Solar Based Alternative To Theories of Global Warming, (1997), International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA), Upsala, Sweden, 1997, session 2.15/3 "Reliable satellite measurements indicate that no warming has taken place in the lower atmosphere (troposphere) as a whole over the past 20 years. There are numerous observational and theoretical reasons why the IPCC's claims of climate change are failing. It is clear they misunderstand the status of carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas and overestimate its effects. 
    The greenhouse effects of H2O (water vapour) is twice as large as that of CO2 (carbon dioxide) in its long term average greenhouse effect, and it varies hugely in time and space. This means that the greenhouse effects of H2O are much more important than that of CO2. Traditional CO2 computer models assume that water vapour variation is small, and so it is ignored. 
    Ice core measurements show that CO2levels generally follow temperature changes – not the other way around. Natural factors determine global temperature; factors such as water vapour and ozone O3). CO2 is a secondary greenhouse gas because its concentration is mainly controlled by temperature, for example, an increase in temperature reduces the absorptivity of the CO2 by the oceans and results in atmospheric concentration, and a fall in temperature has the opposite effect" (these effects being mitigated by plankton). "Solar magnetic modulation of cosmic ray enhancement of cloud formation suggests (and tentatively shown) that extra solar cosmic ray particles induce cloud droplet formation by ionizing water molecules. The higher solar magnetic fields present during periods of high solar activity keep some of these comic rays out of the solar system and the Earth's atmosphere, thereby reducing their cloud formation role which may result in an increase in temperature of the lower atmosphere or surface – B.A. Tinsley, Journal of Geophysical Research, (1996), volume 101, pages 21701-21714. 
    "The supposedly recent man made CO2 effects can be attributed to changes in solar activity as evidenced by the Solar Weather Technique (SWT) of long range forecasting. There are a number of Solar Activity Magnifier (SAM) processes which magnify the effects of solar activity on the atmosphere directly, by affecting the concentration of greenhouse gases. These include particle and ultra violet (UV) effects on ozone and many electrical effects on water vapour and dynamic changes. These processes change the "world weather machine" which pumps heat from the Equator to the poles. Many SAM processes are very sensitive to stratospheric wind directions. 
     The Solar Weather Technique propounds, with increasing evidence, that the two most significant world weather signals, the quasi biennial oscillation in stratospheric wind (SQBO) and the El Niño phenomenon (ENSO), are driven or triggered by solar activity.
   El Niño has showed us the importance of interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere on human affairs. Understanding El Niño is understanding regulation of the Earth's climate. The Sun is the driving force behind climate.
    Neville Nicholls leads the Climate Group at the Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre in Melbourne, Australia. He has been studying the impacts of El Niño since the early 1970s. Nicholls was a convening lead author of Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change, prepared for the IPCC.

-Excerpts from the article 'The Kyoto Protocol', an excellent analysis of all aspects regarding the global warming issue, in The World & I, December, 1999, pages 331-341, by S. Fred Singer, atmospheric physicist, professor emeritus of environmental sciences at the University of Virginia. He was made first director of the United States Weather Satellite Service, and author and editor of a number of books, including Global Effects of Environmental Pollution (Reidel Publishing Company, 1970), Global Climate Change (Paragon House, 1989), and Hot Talk, Cold Science: Global Warming's Unfinished Debate (Independent Institute, 1997 and '99).-...continues


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