D o e s  G o d  E x i s t--N o t e s ,  P a g e  1
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-ampere: the standard unit for measuring the strength of an electric current; the amount of current sent by one volt through a resistance of one ohm; more

-atom: word comes from Democrites, 430 B.C; means to refer to matter that can no further be divided, and are therefore, 'uncuttable', or 'atomes'. An atom is so small that a single drop of water contains more than a million million billion atoms (1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000). Atoms comprise-molecules. Molecules comprise cells.
    More than 99.595% of an atom's mass resides in its positively charged heart, the nucleus, which is too heavy to be easily stirred, and so provides the anchor for stability of matter. 
    "Subatomic electrons for example, 'wave' whenever they are inside of the atoms they come from, but the minute they pop out of an atom, they are only observable, when they are observed at all, as particles in one place at any given time. If subatomic electrons did not 'wave' inside of their atoms, no atom could remain stable for long. Waves appear to be spread out through space at any instant of time and they can interfere with each other often canceling themselves out or multiplying in strength. Because of this wave property electron waves form stable patterns much like a whirling propeller makes a disk pattern. In this way the electron wave provides structural integrity to atoms making them appear solid and somewhat impenetrable. Electron particles can never do that. They must appear to be at specific places at any time, hence they cannot provide patterns of structural stability." ...Dr. Fred Alan Wolf, Ph.D., Quantum Physicist."
    Electrons can pass from one atom to another, flowing as current down wires, powering our modern world.
    We now know the atom can be split, and within them is a whole new range of even smaller particles, and so on, but, there are predefined limits: Atoms can not have a thousand or more electrons, etc., and, electrons do not curve into the nucleus of an atom. Instead, electrons are pulled by the positive charge the nucleus possesses, and are set in an orbital pattern at just the right distance to both allow functioning and to prevent being stuck in restricted space. 
    Atoms combine according to certain universal laws that have been set by the Great Infinite Intelligence of the universe, Who designed, implemented and sustains His creation by means of set patterns in energy. Just like the laws in the seeds of life of all things, there is no chance to them for they all work and continue to work according to these designed laws of this incredible intelligence.
    Atoms, like all things in nature attract and repulse. This is called a Chemical Affinity and occurs in all chemical associations, and leads to a chemical bonding.
    Sometimes an atom in a bond with other atoms will be close to another atom which is 'off and away' from the group this particular atom is in, and will detach itself to be with the other which it senses it has a greater affinity with. These affiliations and disassociations, like human attachments and divorce, are going on all the time. 
    According to Heisenberg's principle, an electron would have to move far too fast to be ensnared by the electromagnetic draw of the nucleus. Instead it moves at an optimum speed in balance with the exertion of the nucleus. It has been found that an atom becomes unstable beyond 137 electrons orbiting its nucleus. The electrons would 'roll down' into the nucleus canceling part of the electrical charge, weakening the atomic structure. Such beautiful balance in all God has designed
    The Universe appears to be an organized extremely high tech engine of electrical activity. What God has designed works, and possesses a constancy unrealized in any of man's creations. In most cases, the best of man's creations break down within a mere few decades. By contrast, the stability of the atom is a marvel of design ingenuity.
    An atom is one of the smallest particles (about 100,000 times smaller than the smallest grain of sand, two billion of which can fit inside the period at the end of a sentence, but protons and neutrons are even smaller; the distance between neighbouring atoms in a molecule is about 0.1 nanometer) of an element that can combine with similar particles of other elements to produce compounds. Atoms combine to form molecules and consist of a complex arrangement of electrons revolving about a negatively charged nucleus (a thing or part forming the centre) containing protons and neutrons. The fission (to split apart; in physics – nuclear fission, as a uranium atom splits into 2 nuclei; compare fusion {a fusing; melting or melting together}) of a nucleus by bombardment either with neutrons-(as in atomic bombs) or with certain other very small particles releases energy. Atoms at room temperature, move at three hundred meters (about 984 feet) a second.
    Scientific American Magazine, December, 1999 shows a scanning tunnel microscope image of 48 iron atoms on a copper surface enclosing quantum waves of electrons. The observance evinces an astounding example of balance of design within the atom, to say nothing of function.

-atomic: of an atom or atoms; very small; minute.

-boson: A boson is a photon carrying electromagnetic energy. Such are the photons coming from the Sun which give us the Northern and Southern Lights. Bosons are particles associated with the transmission of energy. Every time you flick a switch to turn on a light (a light over your food to keep it warm for example) you generate bosons, which disappear when they are absorbed by atoms. A gluon is a gauge boson of the Strong Interaction.

-gauge boson: a particle corresponding to the field that causes interactions between other subatomic-particles. For the electromagnetic field, the gauge boson is the photon, and for the Strong Interaction, it's the gluon. For the Weak Force-(Weak Interaction), it's the W and Z boson, and for the Gravitational Interaction, the graviton-(postulated, but yet to be observed).


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