C r e a t i o n ,  P a g e  6 6
-
 
As Merry Camhi of the National Audubon Society points out "Unlike most bony fishes in which the survival of millions of eggs and larvae are often largely dependent on environmental variables, chondrichyans (sharks and rays) exhibit a much closer relationship between the number of young produced and the number of breeding adults." Kill a substantial proportion of adults, and the population cannot be expected to be replaced.
    "Take, for example, the Sandbar and Scalloped Hammerhead shark, two species frequently caught in the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico fisheries. The sandbar takes 13-16 years to reach maturity and then gives birth to 8-13 pups every other year. Female hammerheads can take up to 15 years to reach maturity and then give birth to 12-14 pups. The Spiny Dogfish (shark) has a similarly long growth period to reproductive maturity and produces 2-15 young every second year." ... 'Sharks Beware', American Scientist, November/December, 1999, Volume 87, page 490. 
    The fact that the Hammerhead shark can perceive very weak electromagnetic fields, an ability human beings lack, makes this species so abundant and a tourist attraction around the world. Like other sharks and rays, hammerheads migrate extensively, using their detection and navigational abilities to find prey buried out of sight and also to guide their movements back and forth from their sea mount homes to neighboring feeding grounds. 
    The Great White Shark has 'jelly filled' canals (pores) on his snout in order for it to be able to detect bioelectric impulses in the water. It can detect movement from great distances.

CARIBOU:-Some northern most caribou inhabiting the Arctic islands do not migrate south for the winter, like the more southern ranging caribou. Paleontologists believe this to be because the distance is too great and the energy costs of traveling too high. Well, ok...but, why are the northern most ones able to exist throughout the winter, when their milder climate cousins are urged to migrate
    If you're tired of reading all this, just think how little we are covering of all the complex systems supporting life there are. What intelligence must be possessed to put it all together. 
    The smartest chemist can't yet even produce as effective AND safe a product as the complex system designed in arctic fish and Black Widow spiders. 

BATS:-Bats are flying mammals – the only ones! Bats are of their own order. They are that unique! Their wing consists of an arm that ends in a wrist with a thumb and four separate fingers which are webbed with skin and form the ribs of the wing.
    A bird’s wing by contrast, possesses a reduced number of 'finger' bones. By shaping their 'hands' they control the shape of their wings. A muscle complex in the wings of all bats is different from birds and all gliding mammals.
    The vampire bat is the only mammal whose entire diet consists of blood. They do not puncture the skin. The bat painlessly shaves off a tiny sliver of skin and drinks the blood that seeps from the wound. Its saliva contains an agent that stops the blood from clotting before its finished feeding.
    Studies with mitochondrial DNA have shown that all bats are closely related, and separate from primates.
    In such a marvelous and complex manner mother bat resorbs calcium from her bones into her blood and passes it to her growing offspring via the placenta.
    Evolution would provide for stupid minded people to swallow gobbledegook like this: 'In time the bat 'sensed' a need to provide better nourishment to her offspring in order to sponsor stronger specimens, ensuring continuance of the species'.
    The processes involved to accomplish this are so intricate and interdependent that if they failed to simultaneously function, and function perfectly the very first time, there would be no bats.
    Evolution doesn't address the short time of pregnancy of the bat during which this sophisticated procedure must be able to have occurred. Perhaps this is because it is out of the realm of time normally needed for evolution to attain believability for its obviously erroneous-and shallow minded tenets
    Some bats have their young in the fall season, yet fertilization is in spring. Bats can delay fertilization for up to five months. Why not eight or ten? Fertilization can occur soon after copulation (sex, the verb), yet the development of the embryo can be delayed for months. Bats control this? Wow! Evolution has never accounted for the mechanism. These various strategies increase chances food is available when the young are born. Gestation period is from 50 to 120 days. 
    There are so many different habits in so many different kinds of bats, many with opposite behavior patterns to other bats. Some migrate 200 miles; others 1200 miles. Like birds, it's a north/south migration. Bats migrate when they can hibernate in winter temperatures, which some do. Most bats eat insects, fruit, etc. Bats help keep insects in check. they eat mosquitoes, but only a few. With all they eat nightly, they end up eating the equivalent of about half their body weight. In tropical areas carnivorous (flesh eating) bats eat other bats. Some live 7 years and others 25 years. They disperse plant seeds throughout tropical islands.

From the article-Bats and Evolution-by Ron Lyttle  ronlyttle@iname.com-on the website http://www.creationism.org

Bats:-A Natural History-by John Hill: 
 "...all fossil bats, even the oldest, are clearly fully developed bats and so they shed little light on the transition from their terrestrial ancestor."

Bats in Question-by Don E.Wilson, 1997, Smithsonian Institute Press, Washington D. C. "The oldest known skeleton, supposedly 60 million years old, is a fully-formed bat which apparently could echo-locate." ...UCMP-(University of California Museum of Paleontology), Berkeley, 1999,-Chiroptera:-Fossil Record- http://www.UCMP.Berkeley.EDU/mammal/eutheria/chirofr.html

Bats rely mostly on their hearing in echo locating, and never developed pathways of vision common to other animals.
    Whales, Dolphins, sea lions and seals also use echolocation.
    How did the bat persist, and how did it survive while it was awaiting evolution to form its radar capabilities? Why would a bat produce its high pitched radar system pulses, unless it also immediately had the ability to detect them? Why do muscles we use to lift things counter balance as they do, enabling us to safely raise objects of various weights? The musculature involves arrangement, tensile strength, motion, etc. The integration of these evinces a marvel of engineering design.-...continues

I n d e x-----------------------

Subject Sampler_List of Topics_Search
A_B_C_D_E_F_G_H_I_J_K_L_M_N_O_P_Q_R_S_T_U_V_W_XYZ
Questions Lists_Free Stuff_Entrance
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
.
.
.
.
.