from the position of the stars to the cell structure of organic
materials comes from the four forces which are different manifestations
of an underlying unifying
force regulated by the
superstring. A force
is anything that can move an object. The four forces are the 4 ways that
particles interact with one another. If these 4 forces were not-exactly-as
they are, we would not be here. This is what God did-without
we understand a computer today to be.
strong force allows the protons
in the atom
an exact non destructive freedom without which the protons' force of repulsion
would destroy the atom and all matter with it.
Within the atom,
the strong force and the weak force are perfectly in balance with the electromagnetic
force. It is the nature of the strong force that keeps the nucleus
from flying apart.
If the strong
force were just a little weaker, no elements other than hydrogen
would have been formed. If stronger, all of the hydrogen would be gone
by now, and there would be no water.
they don't exactly know how the
strong force holds the nucleus
of atoms together, and how the
weaker force (responsible for radioactive decay) acted as one in the
Martin Veltman, Emeritus Professor
Physics, University of Michigan,
shared the 1999 Nobel Prize, for banishing meaningless
from the equation of quantum
units of energy function in their interactions with each other) ..."You
couldn't do anything with the theory" says Veltman.
level of electrons in a carbon atom was slightly lower, there would be
no carbon. Without carbon, there
is no life. Why carbon based life? Why not something else? Silicone maybe?
If God be God, then He could
have chosen anything or any design I suppose and made it work. The
details of the Universe have been designed to make life possible. We depend
upon the physical constants for existence.
the strong force) is one of the four fundamental forces necessary for existence;
the others being gravity,
and the weak interaction (or, the weak force, or, weak nuclear
The strong force
is 1040 times more
powerful than gravity, but with such a short range, operating only within
particles, holding atomic-nuclei
together. A stronger strong force by just 2%, would have prevented the
formation of protons,
yielding a universe with no atoms.
A decrease of 5% would mean no stars and no Sun.
If the difference in mass between
a proton and a neutron were
it is (twice the mass of an electron),
then all neutrons would have become protons and vice
versa if an increase had occurred of 5%. No carbon chemistry would
exist as we know it, and no life.
The strong force
glues together the
inside the atom. It also glues the quarks
together. This strong force holds the core of atoms together like mortar
binds bricks. The ratio has to be just right, just like the composition
of mortar has to be just the right consistency. If this adhesion
is not exactly right, the atoms would come flying apart. The
tiniest change would have meant 'game over' from the start.
Because of the
strong force, stars can shine.
There is no way at all this could have been produced by an evolutionary
all had to function perfectly
at the beginning of creation. Thank God He knew what He was doing, or none
of us would be here! -Psalms 8:3;
'weaker' force (still much stronger than gravity) is a fancy name for radiation.
The weak force is the repulsion the strong force produces as it radiates
weak force is 10 to the 28th power
times the strength of gravity.
If it was slightly weaker all the hydrogen in the Universe would have been
turned to helium,
making water impossible.
No water – no life! A scarcely stronger weak force
would have turned the Universe into all hydrogen
because all neutrons
would have disintegrated prior to conversion to deuterium
A barely weaker
weak force and the Universe would all be helium; neutrons would not have
deteriorated and left protons
needed for the formation of hydrogen.
Neither of these
slight imbalances would have allowed for the presence of solar bodies and,
If it wasn't
weak enough, the stars could not burn
and the elements
of life, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, etc. couldn't be cooked inside them.
Any change in the relationship between them would produce the complete
impossibility of all life as we know it. The mathematical improbability
of this good quality Universe coming out just right from the start from
a Big Bang
is simply preposterous. The
chances of a Big Bang coming out so badly are far more believable when
one considers the physics
to produce the wonderful alternate.
we were formed from this initial singularity
– the result of a black hole-–
then where did the ancestor universe come from to start us off with a bang?-...continues