Woodchucks and badgers also have their front limbs directed
down for good locomotion...The paws of the moles are like large scraping
shovels Each forepaw has an extra bone...making it (the shovel) even wider.
A mole's breastbone is deeply ridged to allow attachment of strong chest
muscles that power its digging...Like the rest of its body, the fur of
the mole is styled for tunnel life. Its pelt lacks the stiff, coarse guard
hairs that protect the soft inner fur of most mammals. For moles, these
guard hairs would make passage through tight tunnels more difficult. Even
their inner fur has a special adaptation to make underground travel easier.
While most mammal hair is thick at the base and tapers toward the tip,
each mole hair has flat sections along its cylindrical length. These act
as hinges and allow the hair to bend easily in any direction, In addition,
the mole's shiny, dense inner fur has no grain to it. It lies sleek
and smooth no matter which way it is stroked. This allows a mole to slip
through its tunnels forwards or backwards with little resistance...The
moleskin sold in drugstores today to protect the skin from chafing is synthetic."
...Nature Canada Magazine,
Moles spend more time in winter underwater
than in summer, their longest dives reach to one minute and about one meter
underwater. They live mostly on earthworms at about 8000 of them a year,
seldom attacking roots, bulbs or shoots in gardens and yards.
have an even number of legs. Was this randomness or design? Why not three
legs? Or maybe 5, or 7? The mathematics of creation are seen
of walking is most interesting.
Instinct is nothing more than mathematical
rules; preprogramming as it were, or perhaps better to call it a predisposition
to respond to the physics of creation.
rules have much to do with the
web of life.
..."Photosynthetic organisms do not need an added fixed
carbon source for growth; therefore production costs are lower and the
chances of contamination with other micro organisms are less. By addition
of a new gene to a photosynthetic organism, synthesis
of a 'new' enzyme can be achieved.
"Another potential application of
photosynthetic organisms is in bioremediation, which is the cleanup of
environmental pollutants by biological means. An example is the biological
breakdown of toxic organic compounds to form innocuous
breakdown products. Also, remediation
of agricultural chemicals such as nitrate is feasible. With photosynthetic
organisms, no external energy source needs to be provided for growth in
the light, making these organisms suitable for remediation of aqueous surface
"A more crude utilization of photosynthetic
organisms is to have them use solar energy to produce clean burning fuels.
Even under natural
conditions some photosynthetic systems such as algae
can produce hydrogen, which is
a clean fuel since it produces only water when it burns. Hydrogen production
probably can be improved upon by introduction of genetic changes. However,
one remaining problem is that the cheapest and most universal electron
donor of all, water, upon oxidation
in PS II, forms oxygen, which is not very safe in combination with hydrogen.
"Another option would be to use photosynthetic
organisms to produce methane, which could be burned without disturbing
the atmospheric balance of CO2, since CO2
would earlier have been removed from the atmosphere to make the methane.
"Research in photosynthesis in all
its facets has opened many doors in a variety of disciplines, ranging from
biophysics to plant physiology. Progress has been driven by an interdisciplinary
approach to this complex yet fascinating spectrum of questions, challenges,
and opportunities. Photosynthesis is at the basis of our food and energy
supply, and innovative utilization of solar energy is likely to be of increasingly
critical importance in the future. This, together with novel uses of photosynthetic
principles for other purposes, make it likely that photosynthesis and its
applications will help to shape an increasingly broad area of exciting
discoveries and innovative ideas." ...Wim
Vermaas is professor of plant biology and former director of the Center
for the Study of Early Events in Photosynthesis at Arizona State University
AND RED ALGAE:-Kelp
releases millions of spores each year.
Kelp spores link with red algae,
releasing chemicals that help them stick to their hosts. Inside the red
algae these spores develop into young kelp fronds
by obtaining nutrients needed for their growth from the red algae. In addition,
the red algae's calcium oxalate crystals protect the kelp from would be
grazers of the kelp. A symbiotic relationship.
It's impossible kelp would survive without the red algae, so needed for
kelp to perpetuate. They both had to be created side by side.
defy evolution. Like, what did they do? Develop in the African continent,
from which evolution in its fairy story supposes all life originated and
then just walk to Antartica, developing what they needed to survive down
there along the way, somehow forseeing the need for their special equipment?
Ha ha! Intelligent but severely-duped
people actually believe this! Ha ha!
Penguins are strange birds! They do not have feathers tracts
as do many other birds. Many birds shed their feathers and grow new ones
slowly, however, penguins molt (cast off) all of their feathers and even
shed parts of their beaks quite quickly.
Penguins are flightless birds, living in the southern hemisphere
in and around cold Antarctica.
"The cold Humboldt Current along the west side of South America permits
two species to breed in what are otherwise tropical latitudes: the Galapagos
penguin on the Galápagos Islands, and the Humboldt penguin on the
South American coast and offshore islets (very small islands)." ...Microsoft®
Encarta® Encyclopedia 99.
Now, if they can't fly, they must have arrived there by walking and then
loved the cold there so much, they refused to evolve the capability to
fly outta dah place. Ha ha! (The theory of evolution is just such a bunch
of total crap! It's too ludicrous